This is a magnificent biosphere reserve situated foothills of Northern Satpura Range in Central India or the State of Madhya Pradesh. The biosphere reserve constitutes Pachmarhi Hill Resort & WLS, Bori Wildlife Sanctuary & Satpura National Park.
The biosphere reserve has an area of 1427 sq km. The area covered by the constituents is as follows:
Satpura National Park: 524.37 sq km
Bori Sanctaury: 485.72 sq km
Pachmarhi Sanctuary: 417.87 sq km
Vividly described by Capt Forsyth in his book “Highlands of Central India” the biosphere reserve is a rugged terrain. It comprises of steep forested hills, deep valleys and densely forested plains lying in the Basin of Tawa River.
The biosphere reserve constitutes of various forest types. It consists of semi-evergreen, dry deciduous and tropical moist forest types. The major components are Teak Sal, Mixed and at places Bamboo. The biosphere is extremely rich in bio diversity with diverse and rich floral elements and Central Indian Fauna. Due to vast topographical variation the diversity is amazing and hence preserved. The life line of the various ecosystems are Tawa, Denva, Naini, Wagdwari and Sonbhadra all tributaries of River Narmada.
The floral diversity arises from varying geology, undulating terrain, soil heterogeneity and temperature and moisture conditions. The bamboo species are (Dendrocalamus strictus) and katanga bans (Banboosa arundinacea). Other species sal, teak, saja, dhawa, tendu, char, palas, amaltas, haldu, anjan, bija, mahua, faldu, kusum, salai, lendia, bhirra pula, jamun and tinsa.
Due to altitudinal variations, especially deep gorges, perennial streams a large number of moisture loving herbs, shrubs, ferns, algae, orchids and bryophytes occur in the biosphere reserve. Most of the plants have high medicinal value while many of them have commercial value as well.
The tiger is an indicator species of the biosphere while other tertiary carnivore is the leopard. Major mammals present are bison, Sambar, Chital, barking deer, Chinkara, Chausingha or Four Horned Deer, jungle cat, jackal, wild boar, mouse deer and Nilgai. Other interesting animals are Sloth bear, Langurs, Wild dog, wolf and rhesus macaque. Among nocturnal animals are civet, porcupine, ratel, fox and hyena. Giant squirrels and flying squirrels are often seen. Besides abundant reptiles, crocodiles are also present in some riverside habitats.
Not much study has been carried in this bird haven but some notified birds are Malabar whistling thrush, black capped kingfisher, Osprey, black bellied terns, Asian Paradise flycatcher, Eurasian hobby, harriers, red whiskers bulbul, Rufous belied eagle and Northern goshawk. The common species are wood peckers, flycatchers, jungle fowls, parakeets, thrushes, quails, partridges, doves, pigeons, lap wings, ioras, horn bills, bee eaters, warblers, king fishers, owls, mynas, munias, pipits, larks, sparrows, egrets, raptors and more.
Since Pachmarhi is a hill station most of the tourists visit the place. Tiger safaris are slowly becoming popular in Satpura Tiger Reserve. Bori is been visited by selected few. This pristine teak forest is a sanctuary popular for its wildlife and Churna Guest House.